Articles

IOVI CONSERVATORI - A new reverse type for Victorinus?

A short summary of the following article (which also includes a die-study for IOVI CONSERVATORI reverses of Postumus):
"S. Sondermann, IOVI CONSERVATORI - Ein neuer Rückseitentyp für Victorinus?, Numismatisches NachrichtenBlatt 1/2009."

A new Antoninianus of Victorinus with IOVI CONSERVATORI reverse turned up recently. The reverse type is not known for Victorinus, the style seems to be official:

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Picture: Sebastian Sondermann

Obv: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, small figure of Postumus at feet, raising the arms to Jupiter.
RIC -; Elmer -; AGK (corr.) -; Cunetio -;

The reverse type is well known for Postumus Antoniniani. Indeed, the reverse is die linked to a IOVI CONSERVATORI Antoninianus of Postumus (British Museum, Duke of Devonshire 1844). Additionally regarding the worn dies, it concerns most likely to be a "mint-forgery"1, struck under improper using of an old Postumus reverse-die in combination with a mint II obverse-die of Victorinus by the mint employees.

A similar specimen is listed in De Witte:

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De Witte Plate XXVI 31.

However, the legend-errors (VICTORINS, CONSE R(retrograde) VATOBI) identify it as a local imitation.


Literature:
1: M. Weder, Münzen und Münzstätten der Gallisch-Römischen Kaiser, Teil I SNR 76, 1997 & Teil II, SNR 77, 1998.



A Fragment of a Postumus-Aureus

A short summary of the following article:
"S. Sondermann, Ein Fragment eines Postumus-Aureus, Geldgeschichtliche Nachrichten 238, Mai 2008."

In the year 2006 a detectorist discovered a fragment of a Postumus Aureus near Gloucester. This specimen seems to be the first known gold coin of the Gallic Empire, deliberately cut in ancient times, and is the third gold coin of Postumus, ever found in the United Kingdom (thanks to R. J. Bourne for this information).

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Postumus Aureus, struck 263/264 AD at Cologne mint.
Obv: POSTVMVS PIVS AVG, laureate, nude bust right.
Rev: INDVLG PIA POSTVMI AVG, Postumus, togated, seated left on sella curulis, holding sceptre in left hand and unidentified object in right hand, small figure with raised arms kneeling in front of him.
Schulte 91 - 95.
The picture has been created with De Witte obverse 113 and reverse 116.

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